Definitions & Standards

In recent years the COSA concept has gained more and more attention of professionals within forensic mental health care, probation organisations, other stakeholders and universities in various European countries.

Given the model is still relatively new, and has to be developed within the context of often hostile and ignorant public perceptions as to the realities of sexual offending and the potential for reintegration, this international expansion is remarkable and truly encouraging. It should be mentioned that this success is for a large part due to the fact that there has been a strict compliance with the programme integrity in all countries where COSA has been implemented until now, thus ensuring the effectiveness of the model.  


Definitions and Standards document

The Definitions and Standards document describes the basic quality standards for COSA projects. It was prepared by reaserchers Birgit Völlm and Sue Brown from the University of Nottingham. 
You can download the Definitions and Standards document by clicking here.

This document has been created through a process of consultation amongst members of the Circles4EU network. The consultation involved circulation of a discussion document followed by a subsequent teleconference discussion group. The findings were then presented during a workshop at a meeting of Circles4EU partners in October 2013, enabling a face to face discussion amongst partners. The Definitions and Standards document was finalized in December 2013.